Construction is underway at the ITER fusion reactor in. 5 m inside diameter, operating at 310°C. commercial nuclear power plants. A period from the first grid connection to the Commercial Date is called 'trial operation'. virtually all countries that have operating nuclear power plants (NPPs). Energy Northwest’s Columbia Generating Station near Richland, the Northwest’s only commercial nuclear power plant, is back on the grid after a refueling and maintenance outage. Hexagon PPM addresses the complete life cycle of nuclear, fossil, gas, and hydroelectric plants involved in generating power for commercial and residential use. And the fossil fuel industry has floating facilities to liquefy natural gas, making it easier to store and transport. By splitting these atoms, a large amount of energy is released. commercial nuclear power sites, often into groundwater from corroded, buried piping, an Associated Press investigation. Next generation reactors forecast to be available in 2020's will use all the energy in Uranium or the more abundant Thorium. Credit: United Renewable Energy Just a few years into the project, energy demand and prices. Though the US once led the world in nuclear power technology, from naval ship engines to commercial power plants, these examples illustrate the fall of US nuclear power industry. The Senate's version of legislation to bail out the state's two nuclear power plants remains in flux even as the deadline set by the plants' owner looms. Apply to Plant Operator, Plant Superintendent, Nuclear Navy or commercial Nuclear Operations experience. It was originally co-owned by Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company and Toledo Edison and is named for the chairmen of both companies, John K. Clauss Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, NM 87185-0742 P. Nuclear There are 104 commercial nuclear power plants in the United States. Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant. If something happens, an NRC inspector will be there to witness it. MOX-fuel for previous versions of fast breeder reactors in the USSR and Russia had limited production at Russia’s oldest Mayak nuclear processing facility. However, the exception here is that, radioactive elements like uranium and thorium are used as the primary fuel in place of coal. Unit 2 is expected to enter commercial operation later this year. This highly radioactive waste is currently stored at sites in 35 states because no repository has been developed for the permanent disposal of this waste. The Senate's version of legislation to bail out the state's two nuclear power plants remains in flux even as the deadline set by the plants' owner looms. Or nuclear energy could fade into oblivion, one shuttered power plant at a. When the first nuclear power plants came online 60 years ago, nuclear energy seemed like a safe, clean, reliable respite from petroleum fuels and their associated environmental damage. 164, ``Dedication of Commercial- Grade Items for Use in Nuclear Power Plants'' This RG provides new guidance that describes methods that the NRC staff considers acceptable in meeting regulatory. We are experienced at identifying the right people to meet critical staffing needs as well as the right jobs to meet career objectives. 75 in 1978 to less than $7 in 1984. Summary This dataset represents nuclear power plants from the U. The heat source in the nuclear power plant is a nuclear reactor. Within the PRIS home page you will find information on the contents of the database, its associated publications and services to IAEA Member States. This video is unavailable. Rob Portman, R-Ohio, told the News-Messenger he believes the government should provide subsidies to keep Davis-Besse and the Perry Nuclear Power Plants operating. Chernobyl nuclear power plant in April 1986. power plants could especially benefit nuclear plants, which are costly to build. PRIS contains information on operating experience of nuclear power plants worldwide. Bureau of Labor show it is safer to work at a nuclear plant than at a fast food restaurant, grocery store or in real estate. • Consumers Power nearly went bankrupt – Midland nuclear plant originally estimated to open in 1975 and cost about $500 million. As of November 28, 2016 in 31 countries 450 nuclear power plant units with an installed electric net capacity of about 392 GW are in operation and 60 plants with an installed capacity of. Exposure to nuclear power disasters Host communities Nuclear disasters U. This reaction involves an element, such as uranium or plutonium, being struck by a neutron and splitting. Together, these facilities produce more than 370,000 megawatts, or just under 15% of the world's total energy use. Arco, Idaho. Nuclear power critics have called for retrofits of existing reactors as well. Below you will find a nuclear energy pros and cons list, which covers the most important aspects of typical nuclear power plants. commercial nuclear power plants generated about 19. The only remaining commercial Gen I plant, the Wylfa Nuclear Power Station in Wales, was scheduled for closure in 2010. May 24, 2018 · The eventual cost of doing this for all 99 nuclear reactors at the country's 61 operating commercial power plants was put at $91 billion in a report last year by Callan, an investment consulting. As Conca noted nuclear power plants have high average capacity factors (90%) and get closer to their full generating capacity than other types of power plants. 164, ``Dedication of Commercial- Grade Items for Use in Nuclear Power Plants'' This RG provides new guidance that describes methods that the NRC staff considers acceptable in meeting regulatory. commercial nuclear power plants. His remark was a repetition of previous threats from Iranian officials, which, when implemented, is a second, deliberate violation of the multilateral agreement by Iran. EPA Emissions & Generation Resource Integrated Database (eGRID2012). How does a Nuclear Power Plant on Ship Work? A large motivating factor in nuclear power generation is the concept of re-usable energy prompting an almost self-sustaining system. A nuclear power generating station operates on the same principle as a conventional fossil-fueled (oil or coal) power plant, except that the heat generation is provided by nuclear fission rather than combustion. Nuclear reactors are used at nuclear power plants for electricity generation and in propulsion of ships. First, eight of the top ten power plants are nuclear. From the Americas to Europe to Asia, ASCO has equipped nearly every plant. GE, Westinghouse, and Fluor provide engineering services for nuclear power plants. This video is unavailable. Many plants contain more than one reactor. Nuclear power plants are a type of power plant that use the process of nuclear fission in order to generate electricity. 0005 MCi/year per reactor • 0. Nuclear energy now provides about 11% of the world's electricity from about 450 power reactors. With this achievement, Unit 2 has brought the Valley, and the nation, the first new nuclear generation of the 21st century. • Long Island Lighting Company nearly went bankrupt – sold $5 billion Shoreham nuclear plant to State of New York for $1. Southern Nuclear also operates Alabama Power's Farley Nuclear Plant. The control room at Three Mile Island nuclear power plant, 2017. Story Jul 04, 2019 “What to the Slave Is 4th of July?”: James Earl Jones Reads Frederick Douglass. For more than 60 years, we have been the engineer or constructor of record for 49 nuclear power plants totaling 39,000 megawatts of nuclear power. Select a type from the list below to view a description and diagram of each. New Mexico Gov. In 2016, 31 countries had commercial nuclear power plants, and in 15 of the countries, nuclear energy supplied at least 20% of their total annual electricity generation. Atoms of the fissile material are split and part of their mass is converted to energy in addition to neutrons being. Power Reactors. Bottom line Natural gas–fired power plants are clearly the cheapest to build among thermal power technologies. There are no tags for this item. The presently used general categories. Electric utility reactors heat water to produce steam, which is then used to generate electricity. However, record low gas prices associated with the US fracking boom have made many existing nuclear plants uncompetitive in the current market. producing a report on the costs of decommissioning of nuclear power plants and funding practices adopted across NEA member countries. Loading Close. Commercial & Industrial. Commercial power plants operate with 3-5% U-235 where weapons use fuels with 90% U-235. No new nuclear power plants have been ordered since the Three Mile Island accident, and some partially. The Senate's version of legislation to bail out the state's two nuclear power plants remains in flux even as the deadline set by the plants' owner looms. Truth: Nuclear energy is as safe or safer than any other form of energy available. Sweden's nuclear power regulator on Monday granted 10-year operating license extension for Units 1 and 2 at the Forsmark nuclear power plant, which will push the potential operating life of the. Nuclear energy is compact; A nuclear power station is compact, which means it quintessentially covers an area the size of a football stadium and the surroundings. Browns Ferry Nuclear Power Plant: Unit 2 1,065,000 Tennessee Valley Authority 1975 Decatur Browns Ferry Nuclear Power Plant: Unit 3 1,065,000 Tennessee Valley Authority 1977 Dothan Joseph M. announced Monday it will stop insuring coal-fired power plants, establishing a climate change policy intended to bear down on an energy source increasingly falling out of favor. high-temperature gas-cooled reactor nuclear power plants, 13. (AP) — The Pilgrim nuclear power plant in Plymouth has permanently shut down after 47 years of generating electricity, bring to a close the era of nuclear power in Massachusetts. ’s nuclear watchdog agency confirmed Monday that. Many of these companies, support services and equipment suppliers likely would not have participated in the nuclear industry without some liability limitation. Cover Photo: Duke Energy’s Brunswick Nuclear Plant is located near Southport, N. Gaithersburg, Md. pdf (English - pdf - Brochure) DLI Watchman® DCA-50 - Vibration Data Collector / Analyzer (English - pdf. The plant would have provided about 7% of UK electricity. It is China, the fastest expanding nuclear power generator in the world. Currently, nuclear energy supplies 12 percent of the world's electricity and approximately 20 percent of the energy in the United States. 2 Nuclear Power Plant, China's first self-designed and self-built national commercial nuclear power plant, in 2005. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) approval of operating license renewals is necessary before continued operation becomes a reality. The report has segmented the global nuclear energy market into Generation I, Generation II, Generation III, and Generation IV, on the basis of technology. 1977 Dothan Joseph M. Intrusions intensified in the U. Through employment with B&W, AREVA (now Framatome), and Siemens Power Corp, he has been responsible for the development and regulatory defense of several safety analysis methodologies supporting the commercial nuclear power industry, including the first applications of best-estimate plus uncertainty methods to design-basis LOCA for both fuel. While nuclear has held its 18-20% share of U. Construction of the plant at Zwentendorf, Austria was finished but the plant never entered. Of these, only the Pressurized Water Reactors (PWRs) and Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs) are in commercial operation in the United States. BRACEVILLE, Ill. Download Library. The reactor pressure vessel is commonly housed inside a concrete citadel that acts as a radiation shield. A power plant may contain nuclear as well as non-nuclear electricity generating units. commercial nuclear power plants. May 24, 2018 · The eventual cost of doing this for all 99 nuclear reactors at the country's 61 operating commercial power plants was put at $91 billion in a report last year by Callan, an investment consulting. Davis and Ralph M. MOX-fuel for previous versions of fast breeder reactors in the USSR and Russia had limited production at Russia’s oldest Mayak nuclear processing facility. Many nuclear power plants have more than one reactor. In October 2016, Watts Bar Nuclear Plant achieved commercial operation with Unit 2, and officially became a dual-unit site. 2019 Nuclear News 3-Map COMBO #1 of United States and Both Worldwide Commercial Nuclear Power Plants Wall Maps. FitzPatrick Nuclear Power Plant and Nine Mile Point Nuclear Station for three to five minutes. Tabular information includes each reactor's generating capacity (in Net MWe), design type, date of commercial operation (actual or expected), and reactor supplier. "Although NEI is not aware of any unauthorized flights of [small unmanned aircraft systems] at or near U. Clauss Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, NM 87185-0742 P. How nuclear power works. The power plant associated with America's all-time worst commercial nuclear accident is closing. The last two power plants to be built in the US were the Watts Bar plant, which began construction in 1973, was completed in 1990, and didn't begin commercial operation until 1996, and the River. reactor, licensed until 2037 and located on Lake Erie about 25 miles east of Toledo. 7 million homes. Any slip ups would render uninhabitable a plain already devoid of trees or towns. And each plant has an important role in the company’s mission to provide safe,. It is made up of a number of components, including acids (such as nitrates and sulfates), organic chemicals, metals, and soil or dust particles. commercial nuclear power sites, often into groundwater from corroded, buried piping, an Associated Press investigation. When absorption effects are high, most of the neutrons will be absorbed by moderator, leading to lower moderation or lower availability of thermal neutrons. Download Nuclear power plant with cooling towers Photos by CreativeNature_nl. Contractors, Procurement, Supply Chain. With more than 450 commercial reactors worldwide, including 98 in the United States, nuclear power. Commercial investigation of nuclear energy will require that a ban on considering the technology be removed from the Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act. The last two power plants to be built in the US were the Watts Bar plant, which began construction in 1973, was completed in 1990, and didn't begin commercial operation until 1996, and the River. As is typical in all conventional thermal power stations the heat is used to generate steam which drives a steam turbine connected to a generator which produces electricity. Federal Oversight of Commercial Nuclear Power In 2014, U. Highly skilled technicians equipped with the necessary tools to work on nuclear components, these divers are normally trained as commercial divers prior to gaining employment with a power plant. Vogtle facility in Burke county, Georgia. Novel fuel cycles are designed for specialized applications (high-temperature gas reactors), and. Nuclear plants can provide the ‘base load’ — they give a steady stream of electricity day and night, just like coal or gas plants. 0000000643 MCi tritium leaks at a site • These numbers are unwieldy => pCi • Safe drinking water standard is 20,000 pCi/l tritum (4 mrem/year, EPA) • NRC reporting level is 20,000 pCi/l. Farley Nuclear Plant: Unit 1 829,000 Alabama Power Co. The Zwentendorf Nuclear Power Plant was the first commercial nuclear plant for electric power generation built in Austria, of 3 nuclear plants originally envisioned. 2,112 Nuclear Power Plant jobs available on Indeed. An assessment of accident risks in U. Oyster Creek nuclear power plant in Lacey Township in a file photo. • Course Objectives - This course ensures that students understand engineering principles associated with systems and components used in two types of commercial nuclear power plants. This degree option provides entry-level training in maintaining, monitoring, and controlling equipment, systems, and processes found in both fossil- and nuclear-fueled power generating plants. It is operated by Southern Nuclear. Commercial Nuclear Power Plants Cover Photo: Beaver Valley Nuclear Power Station (courtesy of FirstEnergy Nuclear Operating Company). (Photo: AP) But as important as it is to learn the lessons of Chernobyl, it is equally vital that we understand the relative risk of nuclear energy. The United States began using nuclear power for commercial electricity generation in 1957 when the Shippingport Nuclear Power Plant came online in Pennsylvania. 2 billion kilowatt-hours (bkWh). Any slip ups would render uninhabitable a plain already devoid of trees or towns. California is a member of the NRC Agreement State Program with more than 1,700 licenses authorizing possession and use of radioactive materials. Nuclear Power Plant Figure 3. nuclear plant owners have closed or announced the planned closure of 14 reactor units at 11 power plant sites. This water cools the rods when they get too hot. However, the UK Nu-clear Decommissioning Authority announced in October 2010 that the Wylfa Nuclear Power Station will operate up to December 2012. The first nuclear power plant ran on University of Chicago campus (chicago pile 1) twelve years before this one opened; the first industrial plant nearly two full years before this one in Idaho (EBR-1); the first commercial nearly 18 months before this in Cumbria (Calder Hall, which despite what Wikipedia says was feeding the grid long before. Truth: Nuclear energy is as safe or safer than any other form of energy available. Guidelines for Producing Commercial Nuclear Power Plant Decommissioning Cost Estimates. Nuclear power plant construction projects create and sustain thousands of jobs across a wide range of industries. A period from the first grid connection to the Commercial Date is called 'trial operation'. Surry Power Station is a nuclear power plant located in Surry County in. Commercial power plants operate with 3-5% U-235 where weapons use fuels with 90% U-235. Exelon Nuclear Power Station, Cordova, Illinois. As the Senate this. Indian Point nuclear power plant. The first of two EPR reactors at China’s Taishan nuclear power plant enters into commercial operation On Friday 14th of December 2018, CGN and EDF announced, at a joint press conference in Beijing, that unit 1 of Taishan nuclear power plant had become the world’s first EPR to enter into commercial operation. Bechtel has completed more than 74,000 megawatts of new nuclear generation capacity, and has performed engineering and/or construction services on more than 80 percent of nuclear plants in the. This is used to boil water, generate steam, and power a steam turbine and generator in the usual way. On the next page, we'll take a closer look at the benefits and explore some of the problems with a potential nuclear-powered car. Many nuclear power plants have more than one reactor. It's now poised to make a dramatic comeback. Nuclear Power Plants Potentially at Risk From Terrorist Attacks; Prompt Measures Needed to Reduce Vulnerabilities WASHINGTON -- Spent nuclear fuel stored in pools at some of the nation's 103 operating commercial nuclear reactors may be at risk from terrorist attacks, says a new report from a committee of. This became clear after events in 2011 at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Japan, which suffered a series of meltdowns after its safety systems failed following a tsunami. which is part of the current crop of commercial. Our nuclear new build experience includes projects such as ITER in France and the UAE’s nuclear new build programme in Barakah, working with clients including ENEC, Horizon Nuclear Power, NuGen, EDF Energy and Fusion for Energy. The fission reaction is essentially the same though. One nuclear power plant requires 400,000 cubic yards of concrete, 66,000 tons of steel, 44 miles of piping, 300 miles of electric wiring, and 130,000 electrical components. Curtiss-Wright Nuclear has been a leader in the industry for over 55 years and continues to provide advanced technologies and innovative solutions that sustain the safe and reliable operation of nuclear plants worldwide. Power Plant Maps. Georgia Power has announced the latest milestones at the Vogtle nuclear expansion, including placement of the four main step-up transformers, each weighing 420,000 pounds, inside the Unit 4 transformer bays located near the unit's turbine building. Three Mile Island, the Pennsylvania nuclear power plant that was the site of the worst commercial nuclear power accident in the United States 38 years ago, will close in 2019 unless it receives a. , said it will no longer sell insurance to new coal-fired power plants or sell new policies to companies that get more than 30% of revenue from thermal coal mining. Bilibino Nuclear power plant (NPP) in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia, houses the world's smallest commercial nuclear reactor. Plant Hatch is one of Georgia Power's two nuclear facilities and is one of three nuclear facilities in the Southern Company system. For educational use only, no assumed liability. nuclear power plants generated 19. Download Nuclear power plant with cooling towers Photos by CreativeNature_nl. com - id: 3b3d81-NWYwZ. A typical site contains the buildings shown in the image map with brief descriptions of the functions below and more detail on the linked pages:. Energy Northwest’s Columbia Generating Station near Richland, the Northwest’s only commercial nuclear power plant, is back on the grid after a refueling and maintenance outage. 1977 Dothan Joseph M. Spanish utilities that own nuclear plants are: Compania Sevillana de Electricidad (Almaraz). Download Library. [EPRI Report NP-6046S, "Guidelines for Technical Evaluation of Replacement of Items in Nuclear Power Plants"]. commercial nuclear power plants generated about 19. Nuclear power is power (generally electrical) produced from controlled nuclear reactions. 169 - Nuclear Power Plant Senior Technical Instructor 06. Although nuclear power can provide for the energy needs of the future, but it is not a "green" energy. They are located at 64 sites in 31 states. Rob Portman, R-Ohio, told the News-Messenger he believes the government should provide subsidies to keep Davis-Besse and the Perry Nuclear Power Plants operating. Bang Goes The Theory, investigating the science. There are 104 commercial nuclear power plants in the United States producing a whopping 806. Fusion is the combining of two small atoms such as Hydrogen or Helium to produce heavier atoms and energy. It is the Committee's opinion, based upon our experience, that NRC should continue to exercise its federally mandated preemptive authority over the regulation of commercial nuclear power plant safety if the activities of state government agencies (or other public or private agencies) run counter to nuclear safety. It is operated by Southern Nuclear. The dash to develop workable nuclear power plants (no matter what their energy was employed to do) certainly saw this phenomenon from the late 1940s onward. It has increased its number of operating reactors by more than ten times since 2000 and plans to bring five units into commercial operation this year alone. Next Generation Nuclear Power. In nuclear reactor: From production reactors to commercial power reactors …from Windscale, a new reactor, Calder Hall A, made history in 1956 by producing the world’s first electric power generation on a commercial scale (while also producing plutonium for weapons). Continued operation of nuclear power plants for periods that extend beyond their original 40-year license period is a desirable option for many U. Nuclear Power Plants Already Closed or Closing. Curtiss-Wright Nuclear focuses exclusively on the provision of products and services to the commercial nuclear power industry. , said it will no longer sell insurance to new coal-fired power plants or sell new policies to companies. producing a report on the costs of decommissioning of nuclear power plants and funding practices adopted across NEA member countries. Plant Hatch is one of Georgia Power's two nuclear facilities and is one of three nuclear facilities in the Southern Company system. This unit will supply electricity to the. during 2017 and are linked back to Dragonfly, a hacking group that caused. France, for example, gets 72 percent of its electricity from nuclear plants, and Sweden gets about 40 percent from them, according to a report from April 2018 [source: World-Nuclear. ) would result in our extinction as reactors and HLW facilites would be unattended. This facility is often referred to as a nuclear power plant. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulates commercial nuclear power plants and civilian use of nuclear material in the United States. 169 - Nuclear Power Plant Senior Technical Instructor 06. Former Navy nuke here, most non-licenced operators, reactor operators, and senior reactor operators at commercial nuclear plants are former Navy. Boiling-water nuclear reactors In a boiling-water reactor, the reactor core heats water, which turns directly into steam in the reactor vessel. With 98 reactors within 60 nuclear power plants in operation in 30 states, nuclear power consistently generates approximately 20% of our nation's electricity. About 90 terawatt hours (TWh) of nuclear generation is scheduled to. The Embalse nuclear power plant in Argentina resumed commercial operation following a three-year upgrade programme that was completed in January, the country's Ministry of Energy announced on 30 May. [EPRI Report NP-6046S, "Guidelines for Technical Evaluation of Replacement of Items in Nuclear Power Plants"]. Oyster Creek: Does closing nuclear plants faster make sense? Companies specializing in nuclear demolition and radioactive waste storage are buying aging U. 16 Each of these power plants can contain over one thousand "digital assets" which includes SCADA systems. “Cyber Security Program for Power Reactors” Contained an acceptable approach to developing a CS program in the absence of further guidance from the NRC January 2006: NRC RG 1. How nuclear power works. As of mid-2012, California had one operating nuclear power plant: Diablo Canyon (2,160 megawatts), near San Luis Obispo [pictured in a PG&E photo to the right]. Commercial Nuclear Power Reactors The flow of review and inspection for checking conformity to New Regulatory Requirements "Enforcement of the New Regulatory Requirements for Commercial Nuclear Power Reactors" and its attachment "New Regulatory Requirements for Light-Water Nuclear Power Plants- Outline -"have been posted on web. This is used to boil water, generate steam, and power a steam turbine and generator in the usual way. Truth: Nuclear energy is as safe or safer than any other form of energy available. Nuclear power plants, especially compared to other kind of energy plants, have extremely high upfront costs. Energy Northwest’s Columbia Generating Station near Richland, the Northwest’s only commercial nuclear power plant, is back on the grid after a refueling and maintenance outage. spent fuel pools for research, test, and commercial nuclear power reactors, 14. Nuclear energy startup Commonwealth Fusion Systems closed a $115 million Series A funding round to beef up work on the demonstration fusion reactor power plant it hopes could one day be a. You can also view the latest information on the status of nuclear power plants and statistics on availability of. Nuclear power plants vary in size. If you leave some thorium in an operating reactor then it will gradually pick up neutrons and convert to uranium-233, which is fissile and works just fine in bombs and reactors. Except for the reactor, a nuclear power plant is similar to a large coal-fired power plant, with pumps, valves, steam generators, turbines, electric generators, condensers, and associated equipment. The SALTO (Safety Aspects of Long Term Operation) review mission was requested by the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM). Among commercial energy sources, the reliance on fossil fuels is clear. Energy Northwest’s Columbia Generating Station near Richland, the Northwest’s only commercial nuclear power plant, is back on the grid after a refueling and maintenance outage. # 4: Nuclear energy is not safe. A power plant can be of several types depending mainly on the type of fuel used. A form of energy produced by an atomic reaction, capable of producing an alternative source of electrical power to that supplied by coal, gas, or oil. When the first nuclear power plants came online 60 years ago, nuclear energy seemed like a safe, clean, reliable respite from petroleum fuels and their associated environmental damage. Although most technical analyses have rated nuclear electricity generation as comparable in safety to coal-powered generation, the low public confidence in nuclear power has blocked further development of nuclear power in the United States. 2 Some policy makers and designers of such plants believe that they can now build plants that avoid the mistakes of the past and. Finally, scientists could create a miniature nuclear power plant and stick it in a car. Surry Power Station is a nuclear power plant located in Surry County in. One of the main anti-nuclear groups, Gensuikyou (founded in 1955), for instance, opposed both nuclear weapons and power, but their early focus was clearly on. Nuclear power plants can continuously generate large-scale, around-the-clock electricity for many months at a time, without interruption. during 2017 and are linked back to Dragonfly, a hacking group that caused. You can also view the latest information on the status of nuclear power plants and statistics on availability of. Aging coal-fired, oil-fired, and nuclear power plants are closing largely because their fuel and environmental-mitigation costs make them too expensive to effectively compete against natural-gas-fired generators and growing levels of renewable-energy resources that have no fuel costs, low operational costs, and incentives designed to lower their initial capital investments. introduced a floating nuclear power plant last year. In 1971, CP&L's (Progress Energy) Robinson nuclear unit became the first commercial nuclear power plant in the southeastern U. 2007] ECOLOGICAL ADVANTAGES OF NUCLEAR POWER 3 operate, and they provided about 20% of the Nation’s electricity. Commercial Nuclear Power Plants.